Collected writing and research from the Paradigm team

Introducing the Foundry Ethereum development toolbox

12.7.2021 | Georgios Konstantopoulos

I am excited to announce a project we have been developing for the last few months: Foundry. Foundry is a portable, fast and modular toolkit for Ethereum application development. Why [→]

A Guide to Designing Effective NFT Launches

10.13.2021 | Hasu, Anish Agnihotri

Blockchains revolutionized fundraising for open-source software, but not everything worked right from the start. In fact, ICOs of the 2016-2018 era were often horribly broken mechanisms that allowed founders to [→]

Floor Perps

8.31.2021 | Dave White

Overview This paper introduces the floor perpetual, a synthetic NFT that tracks the floor price of a given project and can be minted by locking up NFTs from that project. [→]

Ethereum Reorgs After The Merge

7.20.2021 | Georgios Konstantopoulos, Vitalik Buterin

There has recently been discussion about the possibility of miners adopting a hypothetical modified Ethereum client that allows them to essentially accept bribes to make a short reorg of the [→]

Uniswap v3: The Universal AMM

6.7.2021 | Dan Robinson

Introduction Uniswap v3 (paper) allows liquidity providers to provide custom amounts of liquidity in selected price ranges. This unlocks tremendous capital efficiency gains for liquidity providers who can manually adjust [→]

Liquidity Mining on Uniswap v3

5.18.2021 | Dan Robinson

Uniswap v3 replaces fungible ERC-20 liquidity positions with non-fungible ERC-721 liquidity positions. Does that mean it no longer supports flexible Uniswap-v2-style liquidity mining? Or that liquidity mining programs will have [→]

Everlasting Options

5.11.2021 | Dave White, Sam Bankman-Fried

Introduction This paper introduces a new type of derivative, the everlasting option. Everlasting options give traders long-term options exposure without the effort, risk, or expense of rolling positions. We derive [→]

On Staking Pools and Staking Derivatives

4.23.2021 | Hasu, Georgios Konstantopoulos

The transition from Proof of Work (PoW) to Proof of Stake (PoS) is Ethereum’s most anticipated milestone since its inception. Instead of using the energy-costly PoW to extend the blockchain, [→]

Understanding Automated Market-Makers, Part 1: Price Impact

4.19.2021 | Hasu

Every day, thousands of people use a decentralized exchange (DEX) for the first time. However, the idiosyncrasies of a public blockchain routinely catch newcomers off-guard, even those familiar with trading on more traditional [→]

Uncovering a Four Year Old Bug

4.19.2021 | samczsun

Every adventure requires a first step - The Cheshire Cat What does it take to find a bug? What about one in a contract that's survived the test of time? [→]