Collected writing and research from the Paradigm team

A Cosmos Thesis

4.8.2021 | Charlie Noyes, Dan Robinson

On Ethereum, all applications run on a shared state machine. In Cosmos, many application-specific blockchains pass assets and other messages between one another. If Ethereum is a mainframe computer, Cosmos [→]

The Block Mined In January, 584942419325

3.30.2021 | samczsun

This is the first in a series of blog posts about the bugs I've found in go-ethereum (Geth), the official Golang implementation of the Ethereum protocol. While you don't need a deep [→]

Ethereum Blockspace – Who Gets What and Why

3.25.2021 | Georgios Konstantopoulos, Leo Zhang

“Market that can operate freely is like a wheel that can turn freely: it needs an axle and well-oiled bearings. How to provide that axle and keep those bearings well [→]

The Cartoon Guide to Perps

3.8.2021 | Dave White

Illustrations by: Chelsea Myers About a month ago, I realized I didn’t understand perps. For the cost of $1, a 100x bitcoin perp (short for “perpetual swap”) behaves like $100 of [→]

Establishing Bounds for Miner Revenue in EIP-1559

2.26.2021 | Hasu, Georgios Konstantopoulos

Goal of the analysis Establish lower, middle and upper bounds for how much miner revenue will be burned Analysis We believe that the impact of EIP-1559 on both miner revenue [→]

Miners will accept EIP-1559, here is why

2.22.2021 | Hasu, Georgios Konstantopoulos

EIP-1559 is one of the most highly-anticipated Ethereum upgrades of all time, radically changing how users bid for transactions, among other major benefits. EIP-1559 has overwhelming community support and is technically [→]

MEV and me

2.5.2021 | Charlie Noyes

Ethereum’s core insight was that flexible smart contracts allow developers to explore a new frontier of permissionless applications. The explosive growth of decentralized financial protocols built on Ethereum (“DeFi”) is [→]

How does Optimism’s Rollup really work?

1.29.2021 | Georgios Konstantopoulos, Hasu

At Paradigm, we work very closely with the companies in our portfolio. That work includes diving deep with them in their protocol design and implementation. We recently talked about the mechanics of [→]

(Almost) Everything you need to know about Optimistic Rollup

1.27.2021 | Georgios Konstantopoulos

One of the biggest challenges in the Ethereum ecosystem is having low latency and high throughput under tight resource constraints (e.g. CPU, bandwidth, memory, disk space). The decentralization of a [→]

So you want to use a price oracle

11.9.2020 | samczsun

In late 2019, I published a post titled “Taking undercollateralized loans for fun and for profit”. In it, I described an economic attack on Ethereum dApps that rely on accurate [→]