Collected writing and research from the Paradigm team

Uncovering a Four Year Old Bug

4.19.2021 | samczsun

Every adventure requires a first step - The Cheshire Cat What does it take to find a bug? What about one in a contract that's survived the test of time? [→]

Paradigm CTF 2021 – swap

4.9.2021 | samczsun

When you have eliminated all which is impossible, then whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth - Sherlock Holmes Paradigm CTF 2021 took place in early February and together, [→]

A Cosmos Thesis

4.8.2021 | Charlie Noyes, Dan Robinson

On Ethereum, all applications run on a shared state machine. In Cosmos, many application-specific blockchains pass assets and other messages between one another. If Ethereum is a mainframe computer, Cosmos [→]

The Block Mined In January, 584942419325

3.30.2021 | samczsun

This is the first in a series of blog posts about the bugs I've found in go-ethereum (Geth), the official Golang implementation of the Ethereum protocol. While you don't need a deep [→]

Ethereum Blockspace – Who Gets What and Why

3.25.2021 | Georgios Konstantopoulos, Leo Zhang

“Market that can operate freely is like a wheel that can turn freely: it needs an axle and well-oiled bearings. How to provide that axle and keep those bearings well [→]

Surviving Crypto Cycles

3.15.2021 | Fred Ehrsam

Originally sent as a private note to portfolio companies: PDF Founders,In the first 2 months of 2021, crypto prices have already doubled and continue to hit new all-time highs. Bitcoin [→]

The Cartoon Guide to Perps

3.8.2021 | Dave White

Illustrations by: Chelsea Myers About a month ago, I realized I didn’t understand perps. For the cost of $1, a 100x bitcoin perp (short for “perpetual swap”) behaves like $100 of [→]

The Future of NFTs

3.5.2021 | Fred Ehrsam

The future of NFTs and what that means for creators, developers, and communities. With Blake Robbins and Reed Duchscher (manager of MrBeast). Listen here: Apple | Spotify Transcript Reed: [00:00:00] [→]

Establishing Bounds for Miner Revenue in EIP-1559

2.26.2021 | Hasu, Georgios Konstantopoulos

Goal of the analysis Establish lower, middle and upper bounds for how much miner revenue will be burned Analysis We believe that the impact of EIP-1559 on both miner revenue [→]

Miners will accept EIP-1559, here is why

2.22.2021 | Hasu, Georgios Konstantopoulos

EIP-1559 is one of the most highly-anticipated Ethereum upgrades of all time, radically changing how users bid for transactions, among other major benefits. EIP-1559 has overwhelming community support and is technically [→]